Septic systems are important parts of our homes — they collect wastewater from sinks, showers, laundry machines
, toilets, etc., and prevent hazardous waste from going into local waterways. However, most people understand little about septic tank systems
. Let’s take a look at some common septic questions to help you better understand yours!
1. What is a Septic System?
A septic system is a way of treating household wastewater using an engineered system consisting of a tank (or tanks) and pipes. Wastewater enters the house through a drainfield where solid wastes settle out while water drains away. The remaining liquid moves into a holding tank where bacteria break down the solids. The treated water then flows through into the drainfield area.
2. What Does a Septic Tank Do?
The job of a septic tank is to hold wastewater until its treatment can occur. If left untreated, this wastewater may cause damage to the environment. When sewage enters a home's sewer line, it travels through a series of pipes and eventually ends up in a septic tank.
At the tank, the wastewater undergoes some type of treatment before being released back into the ground. In addition to removing harmful contaminants, septic systems provide environmental benefits like protecting nearby water sources
and consuming less water.
3. Why Are Septic Systems Important?
There are several reasons why septic systems are important for homes and businesses. First, a properly installed system provides safe, clean, and affordable waste treatment services. Second, a septic system prevents pollutants from reaching local water sources
and helps prevent contamination of groundwater supplies.
Third, a septic system reduces the amount of raw sewage going directly to landfills. Finally, a septic system keeps wastewater off streets and away from public parks.
4. How Do I Install a Septic System?
Installing a septic system requires planning and careful attention to detail. Before beginning construction, contact a company that specializes in installing septic systems. Your septic service provider can help determine if your property qualifies for a permit and what kind of system would best suit your needs. To ensure proper installation, only work with a licensed and insured professional.
5. How Long Will It Take to Install a Septic System?
Depending on the size of your lot, the scope of your project, and the complexity of the installation, building a septic system could take anywhere from five days to several weeks. Keep in mind that you will need to plan for additional time to dig trenches and lay pipes.
6. How Much Does a Septic System Cost?
Cost varies depending on the size of your home, the type of system you choose, and the contractor you hire. According to HomeGuide
, the average cost to install a new septic system ranges from $3,280 – $5,040.
7. How Often Should I Pump My Septic Tank?
The industry standard suggests septic tank pumping
every 3 – 4 years for a family of four. However, your septic tank may need more or less often depending on usage and tank size. Make sure to pay attention to septic warning signs like slow flushing, drain backup, and foul odor, which indicate that the tank is full.
Taking Care of Your Septic System
Proper maintenance is essential for a healthy septic system. The easiest way to do this would be to schedule an appointment with an experienced and reputable company to assess your system and provide any necessary septic maintenance services
. This can be anything from pumping the tank to adding a bacteria product to help break down toilet paper, waste, hair, and oils.